Integrated Farming Systems

1.Name of the Technology: Technology Package of OFR based Integrated Farming System Models.

Technology Description: Pulse and Cotton based Integrated Farming Systems with Energy Efficient Water Management methods(Sprinkler and Raingun)with the Critical Irrigation Management of 30mm Water application 2 times during Vegetative stage and Pod or Bowl development stages. The other diversified crops like vegetables in small area 0.4acers was given 20mm depth 5 times at 10day interval .These models were evaluated in the small holdings of tribal farmers in Telangana. Results from experiments in a tribal farmers field during 2016-18 with above IFS models (Pulse and Cotton)in the Telangana Region Highlighted the Maximum Net benefits of Rs 51,000-69,000 in the Cotton based IFS model under the OFR as compared to the Pulse based IFS model with Rs 17,000-35,000 under different investment options with and without Government support . There was an increase in the Water productivity of water 77% over the rainfed crop. The traditional system followed by the farmer before the project of mono cropping of sorghum and cotton was not sustainable with negative net returns with cotton and Rs 12,000 in the case of sorghum. The above technology showed how farmers income could be doubled with the IFS model with the technological support of an OFR for runoff storage and efficient utilization in the farmers field.

2.Name of the Technology: Adoption of Multi-Enterprises for Risk Minimization.

Technology Description: Guna block, district Guna. He has established an integrated farm involving crops such as soybean, black gram, green gram in 17.4 ha, wheat, coriander, gram, sugarcane in 15.6 ha, horticulture production involving acid lime, jackfruit (5 trees – Rudrakshi), guava (20 trees of L-49), drumstick (2 trees of PKM- 1), mango (20 trees of Amrapali), papaya (20 plants of red lady) in 1.0 ha, seasonal vegetables like okra (VRO-6), potato (K. Chipsona- 1), onion (AFLR), garlic (G-282), tomato (Saurabh), spinach (all green ), pea (Arkel & G-10) in 0.2 ha, livestock production with cross bred cows–Jersy two in numbers and buffalo-Murrah breed two in numbers, fish farming (composite farming of Rohu, Catla and Mrigal) in rainwater harvested ponds of size 180x60x30 ft, and established biogas and vermicompost units.

Shri Jitendra Singh Rajawat’s integration of various enterprises and efficient management of resources with proper planning, and use of resilient innovations helped him in realizing higher returns. After getting good income from various innovative enterprises, he has purchased one tractor of 50 HP capacity, leveled the undulating land of about 9 ha, fenced 800 m using barbed wire and cement poles and dug four tube wells which increased the irrigated area by 34% and increased the cropping intensity from 136 to 193%. About 50 famers adopted his innovative mix of enterprises in his village.

3.Name of the Technology: Adoption of Integrated Farming Systems to Reduce the Impact of Drought.

Technology Description: He is practicing in-situ moisture conservation in cotton for the past 2 years and getting good yield by conserving the soil and water. He is having one bore well (150 ft) and using it for critical irrigation to the cotton and paddy crop and getting higher yields. He has grown WGL- 44 Siddi variety of paddy and taken up improved variety of green gram MGG- 295 and pigeonpea WRG-65. He is having dairy animals and getting a milk yield of 10 lit/day and earning ` 500/ day. He has overcome the problem of drought by providing critical irrigation to crops and thus stabilized yields and returns. Some of the farmers in the village started following him after looking at the performance of some of the new varieties of crops.

He has got a net income of ` 26,000 from paddy alone. The yield levels of green gram and pigeonpea were higher up to 25% in comparison to the traditional varieties.

4.Name of the Technology: Integrated Farming System modules.

Technology Description: Several integrated farming system modules with a combination of small enterprises such as crop, livestock, poultry, piggery, fish and duck rearing were demonstrated to farmers in NICRA villages in the eastern, northern and north eastern states where monocropping is mostly practiced due to climatic constraints.

Integrated farming system modules minimize risk from a single enterprise in the face of natural calamities and diversified enterprises bring in the much needed year round income to farmers in monocropped paddy growing areas and improve their livelihoods and resilience to extreme weather events. Such models can be upscaled in the north and north eastern states through ongoing government programmes.